Graphic-web-print designing glossary/dictionary of terms
These terms are commonly used in the graphic design
and website design world.
Pantone® Colours Pantone colours are a swatch set with hundreds
of colours to choose from.
PDF Stands for Portable Document Format. Created
by Adobe Systems in its software program Adobe Acrobat as a universal
browser. Files can be downloaded via the web and viewed page by
page, provided the user is computer has installed the necessary
plug-in which can be downloaded from Adobe's own web site.
Perfect Binding A squared off edge with scored hinges for ease
of opening and glued in pages.
Pica Pica is a unit of measure commonly used in graphic
design. Six picas equals roughly one inch (precisely, six picas
equals .9957 inches). Most graphic design programs round off picas
so that six picas exactly equals one inch.
PHP Abbreviation for Hypertext Pre-Processor.
Plug-In A software extension that provides added capabilities
to the browser, for purposes such as viewing, hearing, or saving
specially formatted files. Most plug-ins are available via the creator's
web page for downloading.
PNG Stands for Portable Network Graphics format,
and is generally pronounced "ping." PNG is used for lossless
compression and displaying images on the web. The advantages of
PNG is that it supports images with millions of colors and produces
background transparency without jagged edges. The disadvantages
are that PNG images will not show up on older browsers, and still
can be comparatively larger in file size than GIFs.
Point A measurement used in typography for type size,
leading, and other space specifications in a page layout. There
are 12 points in a pica, and approximately 70 points to an inch.
PPI Stands for pixels per inch. PPI specifies the
resolution of an input device, such as a scanner, digital camera,
or monitor. Web page resolution ranges from 72-96 pixels per inch.
(For information on output device measurements see dpi.)
Process Color Colors that are made up of the CMYK. By using
halftones, you can obtain photographic full color images using just
CMYK. Also known as Full Color.